What is an Umbrella policy?

An umbrella policy is an additional liability insurance coverage above and beyond the limits of the insured’s regular insurance for home, auto or watercraft. It is used to ensure an extra layer of security for people at risk of being sued for damages done to others’ properties or physical injuries caused to others as a result of an accident. The “umbrella” nomenclature is used as in referring to the broader coverage provided by the policy.


These policies generally provide broader coverage on risk factors over one or more primary policies. Hence, these policies may have defined the covered risk factors on quite broader terms than the definitions as present in the primary policies. Sometimes, they skip exclusions used in the underlying primary policies. These policies may also provide protection against vandalism, slander, libel and invasion of privacy.

Thus, certain risks may be covered by an umbrella policy from the very first dollar of loss or incurring the liability, which would never be taken care of by the primary policies.

Financial Requirement:

The umbrella insurance comes in very handy when the policy owner is sued in such a condition that the monetary limit of his original policy is already exhausted. Also, individuals who are owners of a lot of assets or possess very expensive assets and who are at significant risk of being sued oftener than a common man may need the Umbrella policy.

Benefits and Coverages – a consolidated view:

Benefits: Situations where the umbrella insurance can be beneficial:

  • Significant property damage: If a personal or business vehicle causes significant damage to another vehicle and/or property through an accident as a result of the policy owner’s fault, it may exhaust the standard auto insurance liability limit. There comes the scope of personal or commercial umbrella policies for automobile insurance.
  • Liability of serious physical injury: The policy owner’s limit of standard homeowners’ insurance liability may not be enough to cover costs for medical treatment and other issues related to a guest falling prey to an accident inside his home. This needs a personal umbrella policy for the homeowner, or a commercial umbrella policy if the house is a business property.
  • Libel or slander. Expensive lawsuits may result from something said or written by the policy owner about another person. This calls for a personal umbrella policy.
  • Malicious prosecution. The policy owner may be subjected to a lawsuit of malicious or wrongful intents and all the unpredicted expenses for legal proceedings have to be paid by him as long as the charges are not shaken off. This again calls for a personal umbrella policy.
  • Landlord liability. Again, a tenant could file an expensive lawsuit over an injury suffered while renting the policy owner’s property. This also needs a personal umbrella policy for the renter.

Coverage: Umbrella insurance covers the following over & beyond the amount of the standard homeowners’ or auto insurance:

  • Expenses of high legal fees to defend the policy owner in a suit
  • When the policy owner’s home or auto insurance liability limits are over, the remaining portion of the settlement or judgement may be paid by the umbrella insurance (as much as the coverage amount the policy owner had opted for, while seeking umbrella insurance).

Without umbrella coverage, the owner would have to make the payment out of his own pocket for any costs over the limit of his home or auto insurance, or he could have a lien on his home and his savings/other assets could be badly affected by the transactions. If the above situations were to happen with respect to business properties or business level interactions, then the asset pool and the money reserve of the business would be impacted, even drained. That is when umbrella coverage becomes critical.

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